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Activiti整合Spring

coydone
2022-11-06 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 457 阅读 / 8,678 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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整合步骤

1、创建Maven工程,导入pom依赖。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.coydone</groupId>
    <artifactId>act-spring-demo</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <properties>
        <slf4j.version>1.6.6</slf4j.version>
        <log4j.version>1.2.12</log4j.version>
        <activiti.version>7.1.0.M6</activiti.version>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-engine</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-spring</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-bpmn-model</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-bpmn-converter</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-json-converter</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-bpmn-layout</artifactId>
            <version>${activiti.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.activiti.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>activiti-cloud-services-api</artifactId>
            <version>7.0.0.Beta1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.40</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.20.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- log start -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>${log4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-nop</artifactId>
            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- log end -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.4.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>alfresco</id>
            <name>Activiti Releases</name>
            <url>https://artifacts.alfresco.com/nexus/content/repositories/activiti-releases/</url>
            <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
            </releases>
        </repository>
    </repositories>
</project>

在Activiti中核心类的是ProcessEngine流程引擎,与Spring整合就是让Spring来管理ProcessEngine

通过org.activiti.spring.SpringProcessEngineConfiguration与Spring整合方式来创建ProcessEngine对象。

2、创建Spring与Activiti的整合配置文件:activiti-spring.xml(名称不固定)。

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd">
    <!-- 数据源 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/activiti"/>
        <property name="username" value="root"/>
        <property name="password" value="123456"/>
        <property name="maxActive" value="3"/>
        <property name="maxIdle" value="1"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 工作流引擎配置bean -->
    <bean id="processEngineConfiguration" class="org.activiti.spring.SpringProcessEngineConfiguration">
        <!-- 数据源 -->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 使用spring事务管理器 -->
        <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager"/>
        <!-- 数据库策略 -->
        <property name="databaseSchemaUpdate" value="drop-create"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 流程引擎 -->
    <bean id="processEngine" class="org.activiti.spring.ProcessEngineFactoryBean">
        <property name="processEngineConfiguration" ref="processEngineConfiguration"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 资源服务service -->
    <bean id="repositoryService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getRepositoryService"/>
    <!-- 流程运行service -->
    <bean id="runtimeService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getRuntimeService"/>
    <!-- 任务管理service -->
    <bean id="taskService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getTaskService"/>
    <!-- 历史管理service -->
    <bean id="historyService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getHistoryService"/>
    <!-- 事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 通知 -->
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <!-- 传播行为 -->
            <tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED"/>
            <tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true"/>
            <tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>
    <!-- 切面,根据具体项目修改切点配置
    <aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice"
                     pointcut="execution(*com.itheima.service.impl..(..))"/>
    </aop:config>-->
</beans>

其中databaseSchemaUpdate的取值内容:

  • flase:默认值。Activiti在启动时,会对比数据库表中保存的版本,如果没有表或者版本不匹配,将抛出异常。(生产环境常用)

  • true:Activiti会对数据库中所有表进行更新操作。如果表不存在,则自动创建。(开发时常用)

  • create_drop: 在Activiti启动时创建表,在关闭时删除表(必须手动关闭引擎,才能删除表)。(单元测试常用)

  • drop-create: 在Activiti启动时删除原来的旧表,然后在创建新表(不需要手动关闭引擎)。

测试

// 测试Activiti与Spring整合是否成功
@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = "classpath:activiti-spring.xml")
public class ActivitiTest {
    @Autowired
    private RepositoryService repositoryService;
     
    @Test
    public void test01(){
        System.out.println("部署对象:"+repositoryService);
    }
}

执行流程分析

Activiti与Spring整合加载的过程:

  1. 加载activiti-spring.xml配置文件

  2. 加载SpringProcessEngineConfiguration对象,这个对象它需要依赖注入dataSource对象和transactionManager对象。

  3. 加载ProcessEngineFactoryBean工厂来创建ProcessEngine对象,而ProcessEngineFactoryBean工厂又需要依赖注入processEngineConfiguration对象。

  4. processEngine对象来负责创建我们的Service对象,从而简化Activiti的开发过程。

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